The credibility and reliability of a port system. Via the implementation of the ISPS Code , which imposed the implementation of all maritime and port stakeholders in security measures to prevent any attempted of malicious acts against the transport chain , commercial vessels that provide more than 95 % of trade , people and ports.
TOTAL SAFETY OF SHIPS
From sea to dock …
Safety starts at sea, in accordance with rules.
Already in the roads, a VTS in the busiest ports, La Goulette and Rades, takes in charge the ship and does not leave it until its docking. Other VTS will be set up in the ports of Bizerte, Sousse , Sfax and Gabès.
The port authority supervises all operations carried out on the route to be followed for entering or leaving the basins as well as all movements inside the port.
Radio contact is maintained between the port authority and the ship at any moment, during 24 hours.
THE SAFETY OF THE SHIP AND ITS CARGO IS GUARANTEED
The port authority takes charge of the ship’s Safety and more in particular the prevention of accidents and organization of fire-fighting measures.
THE RISK IS CONTROLLED
Identifying the risk and controlling it
Special Safety measures are taken for each loading or unloading operation of oil products (crude and refined), chemical products and dangerous products. The port operators and officers of each port are thus able to identify the goods and the nature of the risk liable to occur, as well as the measures to be taken to prevent or fight said risk.
The port authority
Controls the registrations of all arrivals within its installations, as well as the goods classified as dangerous, either for import or export.
The port officers
- All ship docking, mooring, unmooring and casting-off operations .
- The operations of loading and unloading, handling and removal of goods .
- Access and movement of people, vehicles and gear inside the port area. .
PREVENTING AND SUPERVISING
- Identify and analyze the risks and assess the possible consequences for the environment, and submit scenarios by the establishment of internal operating plans in case of pollution. (POI).
- List the current means and verify the adequacy needs/means.
- Define the methods and the means of intervention in case of accident or disaster.
- Training of port personnel and multiplication of periodic exercises and simulations at the regional level or even international .
- Provide all commercial seaports of control equipment against marine pollution
Risks in the industrial zones connected to the port :
A study of the dangers of the oil area of the commercial port of Rades is currently carried out to:
Based on a participatory approach involving the stakeholders, The OMMP a plan under 2017 to provide the Tunisian commercial ports of a land and maritime security system adapted to the specificities of each port with plans prevention and well-defined crisis management that determine the role of each player in this system
This project aims to :
- Strengthen the role of different authorities involved in the maritime ports of Tunisian trade (border police, customs , maritime guard and sea force)
- Improve conditions of security and safety on the water bodies of ports ensuring the identification of ships in harbors approach and docking on the waterfront.
- Assist by using the system in the navigation such as confirmation of the positions of ships, signaling the presence of obstacles in their vicinity.
- Guide the ships indicating their course and speed to follow.
- Operate and exchange of computer data.
- Monitor water berths, docks and harbors to ensure effective monitoring of maritime traffic and markup in these areas.
- The video protection of port areas
- Access control ports
- The protection and intrusion detection ports.
- The introduction of a relative communication system port security
Of all authorities and operators in the ports, by putting into place committees of port Safety and safety in all ports.
REINFORCING SAFETY IN THE PORTS THROUGH
- The assessment of the Safety and the vulnerability of the ports
- Identification and the possible risk analysis on the environment.
- The setting up of a plan of intervention and the adequate means.
- The training of the harbor staff and the periodic exercise multiplication and simulation.
MEN AND MEANS ALWAYS READY
- A well-experienced staff (port officers and tug-boat crew), ready to efficiently intervene in fire-fighting and all kinds of pollution handling in collaboration with the specialized authorities.>
- A reassuring presence:
- A civil defence unit is set up either within the port compound or close to it.
- One or two tug boats per port, equipped with the necessary means to fight fire with their water canons and pollution with spreading arms for dispersing agent.
All Tunisian maritime ports are in conformity with the ISPS Code provisions:
- Safety assessments and plans approved since June 28th 2004, these are reviewed yearly.
- Port facility Safety officers designated all over the different ports.
- Personnal having specific Safety duties have received training in coordination with the international maritime organization (IMO).
- Simulations and Safety trainings in ports.
The Tunisian ports have deserved the satisfaction of international experts during their visit thereof as they have implement the ISPS Code dispositions.
MEANS AND EQUIPMENTS FOR ENHANCING THE SAFETY IN PORTS
- Scanning devices for controlling containers .
- Scanning devices for controlling passengers and luggage .
- Scanning trucks for cars .
- Control of ports by electronic camera : Implantation in process of a CCTV in the port of Radès besides the implantation of electronic control systems (distance control system and control of entrances, defence of penetration (no passing through) in the ports .
- Metal detectors for controlling passengers
- Reflecting mirror for controlling and checking vehicles and trucks entering the ports.
- A CO2 detectors for the fight against stowaways inside containers.
- The control of land access to ports by:
- The video protection of port areas
- The protection and intrusion detection ports .
- The establishment of a communication system concerning port security.
PROTECTING THE ENVIRONMENT PORT FIRST CONCERN
- Equipment for fighting pollution.
The OMMP has equipment at its disposal for fighting pollution in each port. This equipment was acquired within the framework of the sub-regional project for managing oil pollution in the south-western Mediterranean
- Operations for fighting pollution :
The OMMP takes an active part in operations of fighting hydrocarbon pollution, even outside the port compounds.
Exercises and simulations:
- Also in all drills of fighting sea pollution in collaboration with the specialized bodies of the Ministry in charge of environment.
The OMMP organizes days of marine environment protection:
- In each of the ports and on the occasion of the national day of cleanliness and protection of the environment.
- And yearly, on the occasion of an awareness day in matters of conservation of the environment and fighting pollution.
Cleaning of sea water inside the ports :
Each day, the macro-waste material and all other forms of pollution inside the ports are removed.
Since 1996, the OMMP proceeds to the analysis of the water and sediments in the basins of all maritime commercial ports and in some reference points all along the Tunisian littoral.
The results of these analyses allow assessing the impact of the operations carried out to protect the environment in these ports.
Green spaces in the port compounds
Trees and plants are introduced outside the port compounds, building a decorative and protective screen.
INTEGRATION OF THE WASTES GENERATED BY SHIPS INTO THE NATIONAL SYSTEM OF WASTE MANAGEMENT
- Creation of a joint committee between the concerned national entities in order to :
- Study the situation of the different sea ports in terms of procedures of controlling and follow up of wastes generated by ships with the assistance of relevant professional people.
- Evaluation of the capacities of the area where the sea port is located in terms of wastes treatments.
- Set-up a procedures manual relevant to the port in order to :
- Fix the procedures of waste collecting
- Insure the transportation of wastes from the port to waste treatment stations
- Define the procedures of accepting the wastes generated by the ships into waste treatment stations.